This is chapter 10 with Jason Amelia and Sam.


Summary:

In this final chapter, many years have passed and the animals continue to labor, but their lifestyles have not changed since the time of the rebellion. Shockingly, Napoleon and his pigs start walking upright and invite the neighboring farmers to visit. The farmers and pigs toast, play cards, and become friends, but the story ends with Napoleon and Pilkington both playing an Ace of Spades and getting into a huge argument.


Other farms visiting/meeting Animal Farm- The approach of dogcarts bring the arrival of the neighboring farms to Animal Farm. The farmers are given a tour of Animal Farm and only praise is spoken about the system of Animalism. This passage shows how England and the U.S toured Stalin’s Russia and could only see and find the good in the Communist country. This also references the Yalta Conference held in Soviet Russia. This conference was held to discuss the Germans fate after World War Two. The meeting of farmers and Napoleon was not to discuss the fate of other farms, but was for the other farms to witness the changes in Animal Farm. The Big Three came together at the former Czar Nicholas palace. Napoleon, Mr. Pilkington and the other farmers meet in the farmhouse. Both parties are on peaceful terms when meeting.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ybnzMnFEWJY
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Ace of spades-Mr. Pilkington and Napoleon drew the ace of spades card at the same time during a card game and a fight emerged as a result. There is only one ace of spades card in a deck meaning one of these rulers had the card up his sleeve. The ace of spades is the most powerful card in the deck, this represents that both Mr. Pilkington and Napoleon want the most power. This fight between Pilkington and Napoleon signifies the Cold War which was fought between America and the Soviet Union. The Cold War happened well after the book was published meaning Orwell predicted the fall out of the American and Soviet alliance.

The whip- Napoleon and the other pigs are seen walking on two legs and also carrying a whip in their mouths. The whip represents the oppression the animals had once experienced when farmer Jones was in power. The animals had dealt with the former leader who treated them poorly and now are experiencing the same treatment once again. The whip also represents the rise of a totalitarianism government which Napoleon had established. Totalitarianism is a dictatorship where the citizens have no control or say in how they are governed. Clover and Benjamin read the Commandments and realize the changes but know there is nothing they can do.

The windmill-The windmill as mentioned before was the five year plan of Stalin’s but Orwell expresses that “the windmill, however, had not after all been used for generating power. It was used for milling corn, and brought in a handsome money profit (128).” The five year plan was created to turn Russia into an industrial powerhouse. The windmill was originally planned to create luxury for the animals but now it used to gain a profit that does not benefit the animals.In addition the sheep are isolated to work in a Gulag like camp. “one day in early summer Squealer ordered the sheep to follow him, and led them out to a piece of waste found at the other end of the farm.” The Gulag was a forced labor camp where mostly political prisoners where worked to the point of death. Squealer leaves the sheep where they “ended by their remaining there for a whole during which time the other animals saw nothing of them.” Prisoners would typically go to remote locations to work on building industrial buildings to aid Stalin’s five year plan.

Mr. Pilkington- As mentioned before Mr. Pilkington represents the nations of England, France, and the U.S. Mr. Pilkington can only praise Animal Farm and makes a toast for Napoleon. Pilkington mockingly states “if you have your lower animal classes to contend with, we have our lower classes (136).” Pilkington has a similar attitude that the U.S and (especially Churchill) England had; they were all fooled by what they were presented, but still skeptical. Pilkington makes his comment which states that nothing has really changed expect Napoleon is now in control.

external image 728px-Yalta_Conference_%28Churchill,_Roosevelt,_Stalin%29_%28B&W%29.jpg

Speeches:

“Four legs good, two legs better” (91) – Although this is not a speech, it shows the changes in attitude of the pigs on the farm. The pigs see themselves as higher animals than the rest because they are now walking on two legs and recreated the motto of the farm. For the entire book, the pigs explained that all animals worked to their capacity for the Animal Farm, but the attitude changes completely in this last chapter.

Mr. Pilkington’s Speech (93-95) – This speech represents the Yalta conference where President Roosevelt came to an agreement with Stalin about the restructuring of Eastern Europe. The difference in opinion before the conference was explained in Animal Farm as “unfortunate incidents [that] had occurred, mistaken ideas.” Napoleon had suddenly befriended Pilkington after displaying hatred and deceit towards him earlier in the story.

Napoleon’s Speech (96) – Napoleon explained that the Animal Farm should be referred to as Manor Farm again. This change shows that the government style of Mr. Jones would be enacted once again with Napoleon as the leader.


Changes: As chapter 10 takes place many years later, there are only a few of the original animals left on the farm. The farm was now enlarged by fields purchased from Mr. Pilkington. The concept of running water and electric lights in the stables were no longer talked about. Napoleon now said these ideas were against the concept of Animalism as they should be "working hard and living frugally", even though he lives with electricity himself.

The situation that the farm is in has become very similar to that of chapter 1. The majority of the wealth acquired now goes to the pigs and the dogs as it went to Mr. Jones. The older animals could not remember whether or not time were better or worse than when when Jones ran Manor Farm.

Once again the animals never gave up hope. They again like in chapter one they still believed in the prosperity of an animal-run farm that Old Major had once predicted. Beasts of England was still hummed secretly here and there and while every animal knew the words to the song, no animal dared to sing it aloud.


Partway through chapter 10 all of the pigs walk out of the farmhouse on two legs. This is a significant change in the story because before no animals were allowed to walk on anything other than four legs. Clover was terribly disturbed by the scene she had just witnessed and went with Benjamin to make sure they remembered the commandments correctly.

The Commandments changed once again: All of the preexisting commandments had been erased and one single commandment was left. Benjamin broke his rule and read to Clover the one existing commandment. It read: "all animals are equal some are more equal than others."


Acting like Jones, Napoleon and other pigs now wore the Jones Family's clothing and purchased a telephone and magazine subscriptions. Some animals even saw Napoleon smoking a pipe. None of the animals on the farm thought this was weird. Up to this point no humans were allowed to come into contact with the animals except Mr. Whymper. Now neighboring farmers were invited to inspect Animal Farm.

Napoleon announced the name change of the farm from Animal Farm Back to Manor Farm during a card game with farmers in the farmhouse. Throughout the novel Animal farm was slowly returning to the state it was in with Jones. This is very important pattern because now the pigs had just become the men that Old Major wanted to rid the farm of. Their anti-human philosophy was now basically gone.

Quotes:

"Too many farmers had assumed, without due inquiry, that on such a farm a spirit of license and indiscipline would prevail....But all such doubts were now dispelled.(p.94)" This is a quote by George Orwell that shows Pilkington apologizing for the misunderstanding that Animal Farm would not be able to function properly. This could parallel one of the conferences between the big three specifically the Tehran conference. The United States, The Soviet Union and England had to make decisions about ww2 and it would be easier to do this if everybody was on good terms. By accepting communism as a success President Roosevelt would be able to get on good terms with Stalin, and perhaps they would be able to make other agreements in the future.


“Napoleon himself appearing in a black coat, ratcatcher breeches, and leather leggings (pg 134).” This quote gives a visual to the disturbing truth about the rise of Napoleon’s power. Napoleon is not only walking on two legs, but is now wearing clothes made from other animals. Napoleon sports ratcatcher breeches, which is typically worn on a fox hunt and is also a horse riding outfit. Napoleon also wore leather leggings which are produced from animal hides. Napoleon is coming full circle by not only walking on two legs, but now dressing as a human. Napoleon is wearing clothes that are made from other animals and made to be worn while riding and essentially dominating over other animals. Napoleon is showing his dominance through clothing.


"The farm had grown richer without making the animals themselves any richer" (88) - This quote clearly explains the economic situation of Russia under Stalin. The country had become stronger industrially, but the people of the country were just as poor. Interestingly, this contrasts the reasoning behind the Rebellion. The Rebellion was started for a great change in the luxuries of the individual, but it resulted in a greater power as a country. The flaws in the government style are shown by the lack of true change the animals feel on Animal Farm.


Sources:


http://history.state.gov/milestones/1937-1945/YaltaConf
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1937-1945/TehranConf
http://library.thinkquest.org/C0112205/stalinsrussia.html